بررسی اثر سمیت سلولی اسانس گیاه آویشن وحشی با استفاده از روش های MTT و تریپان بلو بر رده سلولی سرطان سینه MCF-7

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بروجرد، ایرن

2 گروه زیست شناسی. دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بروجرد، ایران

چکیده

سرطان سینه شایع ترین سرطان در بین زنان ایرانی است. اسانس آویشن وحشی دارای ترکیبات ضد سرطان همچون تیمول می باشند. هدف از این تحقیق مطالعه اثر اسانس این گیاه بر رده سلول سرطانی سینه MCF-7 توسط روشهای MTT و تریپان بلو و مقایسه آن با تاکسول به عنوان یک ترکیب شناخته شده ضد سرطان می باشد. رده سلولی سرطان سینه MCF-7 و و رده طبیعی فیبروبلاست HU-02 (خریداری شده از مرکز ملی ذخائر ژنتیکی و زیستی ایران) با غلظت های مختلف اسانس آویشن وحشی و تاکسول (به عنوان شاهد مثبت) در فواصل زمان های 24، 48 و 72 ساعت معین تیمار شدند. میزان سمیت سلولی با روش MTT و تریپان بلو بدست آمد. نتایج نشان داد اسانس آویشن وحشی مورد مطالعه دارای اثر سیتوتوکسیک بصورت وابسته به دوز در رده سلولی MCF-7 است. بیشترین اثر سایتوتوکسیک اسانس این گیاه در غلظت 125 میکروگرم بر میلی لیتر بر سلول‌های سرطان سینه بود در حالیکه در هیچ غلظت مورد مطالعه بر سلولهای غیر سرطانی اثر سوء نشان نداد. از طرف دیگر بررسی نشان داد اسانس آویشن وحشی می تواند در کاربرد توام با تاکسول٬ سمیت سلولی تاکسول بر سلولهای سرطانی را تشدید کند، بنابراین ممکن است در درمان سرطان سینه موثر باشد و احتمالا از طریق القاء آپوپتوز باعث مرگ سلول می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of cytotoxic effect of Essential oil of Tymus vulgaris L by MTT and Trypan blue assay on breast cancer cell line MCF-7

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sasan Hajebi 1
  • Abdolkarim Chehregani Rad 2
  • Hossein Lariyazdi 2
1 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Borujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Borujerd, Iran
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Breast Cancer is the most common cancer in the Iranian women. Essential oil of Thymus is containing anticancer compounds including thymol. The aim if this research was studding the effect of thymus essential oil on the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using MTT and Trypan blue methods, and comparing of its effect with taxol as a well-known anticancer agent. In this research, MCF-7 and Hu-02 cell lines were porched from IBRC institute. The cells were treated by different concentrations of Thymus essential oil and taxol in the times of 24, 48 and 72 hours. The cytotoxicity of the treatments was measured by means of MTT and trypan blue staining. Results showed that Thymus essential oil had cytotoxic effect, in different doses, on the MCF-7 cell line. The highest cytotoxic effect was measured in the group treated by 125 μg/ml of Thymus essential oil. The Thymus essential did not show any cytotoxic effect on the cells of HU-02. Results were also showed that the essential oil can increase the cytotoxicity effect of Taxol on the cancer cell line, thus it seems that is effective in breast cancer therapy; probably, it causes to cell death by apoptosis induction.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • breast cancer
  • MTT
  • Thymus vulgaris L
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