ﺑﺮرﺳﯽ ﺑﯿﺎن ژن‌ BAX در مخچه موش‌های صحرایی کلستاتیک تجربی، ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻗﺐ اﺛﺮ داروی ﻧﻮرواﯾﺪ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو

2 گروه ژنتیک ،دانشکده علوم نوین ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم پزشکی تهران ، تهران ،ایران

3 گروه فیزیولوژی جانوری ،گروه زیست شناسی،دانشکده علوم نوین ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم پزشکی تهران ،تهران ،ایران

چکیده

چکیده:
سابقه و هدف: کلستاز ازجمله بیماری‌های کبدی است که ازلحاظ عملکردی با کاهش یا قطع جریان صفرا همراه می‌باشد و باعث تجمع اسیدهای صفراوی در خون می‌شود، در صورت عدم درمان، کلستاز سبب آسیب به اندام‌های مختلف می‌گردد. در این تحقیق تأثیر کلستاز بر بیان ژن‌ Bax که درروند مرگ برنامه‌ریزی‌شده‌ی سلول (آپوپتوز) مؤثراست، بررسی شد.
روش بررسی: تعداد ۱۶ سر رت نر به ۴ گروه تقسیم شدند: گروه کنترل یا شاهد، گروه BDL: در این گروه مجرای صفراوی به شکل مصنوعی بسته شد، گروه BDL نوراید: در این گروه علاوه بربستن مجرای صفراوی، رت ها با داروی نوراید نیز تیمار شدند، گروه شم نوراید: در این گروه علاوه بر اینکه رت ها تحت استرس جراحی قرار گرفتند داروی نوراید نیز دریافت نمودند. سپس مخچه‌ی رت ها خارج شد. پس از استخراج RNA و سنتز cDNA، بیان ژن‌ها با فن‌آوری Real Time PCR موردبررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته‌ها: BDL باعث افزایش بیان ژن Bax و استفاده از داروی نوراید باعث کاهش بیان ژن Bax در ناحیه‌ی مخچه رت ها شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: تغییرات ایجادشده توسط کلستاز در جهت افزایش آپوپتوز در ناحیه‌ی مخچه‌ی رت ها می‌باشد و استفاده از داروی نوراید می‌تواند باعث کاهش آپوپتوز در مخچه‌ی رت ها شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study the expression of BAX gene subsequent effect of cholestasis and treatment by neuroaid in cerebellum of male rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • afsaneh karimi anche 1
  • Mehrdad Hashemi 2
  • Mohamed Nasehi 3
1 student
2 , Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty New Sciences, Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 , Department of Biology, Faculty New Sciences, Tehran Medical Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background: Including liver diseases is cholestasis which is a consequence of disordered bile secretion causes an accumulation of poisonous bile in the body. If untreated, Cholestasis is causing damage to various organs. In this research was planned to investigate the effects of cholestasis and neuroaid (a drug which protects and repairs neurons) on the expression of Bax gene, in cerebellum of rat brain. Bax has role in apoptosis.
Methods: A total number of 16 rats were divided into four groups as follows: Control group. BDL group, the rats which were just operated for bile duct ligation. BDL-neuroaid group, the rats which received both operation and neuroaid. Sham-neuroaid group, the rats which were not operated, but received the operation stress and neuroaid. Following the treatments, the rats were killed and their cerebellum were removed from their brain. RNA was extracted from the cerebellum cells, cDNA was synthesized, and Real time PCR was performed to measure the gene expression.
Results: According To the results, cholestasis causes increase in the expression of Bax gene; Neuroaid causes reduces in the expression Bax gene.
Conclusion: Cholestasis changes is benefit to increase internal apoptosis pathway, however, neuroaid can approximately reduce this effect as well through making reduces Bax gene and as a result reduction of apoptosis, in cerebellum of rat brain

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cholestasis
  • Apoptosis
  • BAX
  • Neuroaid
  • Cerebellum
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